The value of homes in the UK reached a new record in 2018, new data shows
Despite growing by just 2.7% in 2018 as Brexit fears slowed the market, the total value of UK housing stock increased £190 billion to hit a record £7.29 trillion, a new analysis shows.
But the value of London’s residential stock recorded a 1.5%, the first since 2009, according to the research from real estate advisor Savills, which says it was due to stretched affordability and broader economic uncertainty.
However, despite slowing growth in London, it still accounts for almost a quarter of UK housing value, compared to a fifth a decade ago. London’s housing stock is worth £1.77 trillion, over four times the combined value of Birmingham, Manchester, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Cardiff, Bristol, Liverpool, and Sheffield, all cities which saw higher rates of price growth than the capital in 2018.
Across the UK as a whole, price appreciation added a total £138 billion, some 72% of total gains, equivalent to growth of £4,800 per home. The balance of the uplift came from new housing development, which made its highest ever contribution to total gains at 28%.
The report also points out that the increasingly cash dominated private rented sector saw its value rise faster than all other tenures, up 4.1% to pass the £1.5 trillion mark for the first time.
‘Our analysis demonstrates the scale of the housing market and underlines the importance of housing to the economies of London and the UK as a whole, both as an asset class and store of private wealth,’ said Lawrence Bowles, residential research analyst at Savills.
‘Once again, we see that wealth concentrated in ever fewer, older hands, to the extent that the over 50s hold a quarter of all UK home owner equity, while the over 65s in London and the South of England alone account for over three quarters of the total,’ he explained.
‘At the same time, as affordability becomes more stretched, younger households are having to put off buying their first home until later in life. It’s great that we’re seeing more housing delivery, but development will have to make up a much higher proportion of new housing value if we are to come anywhere need building the homes this country needs,’ he added.
Wales was the region showing the biggest gains in percentage terms, with housing value up 6.3%, adding £13.4 billion to total £226.1 billion, followed by the East Midlands up 6.2% and the West Midlands up 6.1%.
Meanwhile the value of stock in the South East grew the fastest in absolute terms, with £29.9 billion added on the back of growth of just 2.2%.
Owner occupiers without mortgages hold far the greatest share of equity. Their homes are worth a total of £2.58 trillion, up 3.3% year on year, plus £83.3 billion. This total is 2.4 times total mortgage debt of £1.06 trillion in the market.
But the value of mortgaged owner occupied properties grew just 0.6% per cent to £2.25 trillion, some £330 billion less than gains made by unmortgaged owner occupied homes, which are primarily held by older households. Just over half this total, £1.15 trillion, is housing equity.
Of the UK’s £3.8 trillion in home owner equity, the over 65s own 43.5%, the highest proportion ever. Over £77 in every £100 of housing equity is held by the over 50s, equivalent to £192,400 per over 50 household and £213,600 per over 65 household.
Those under 35 own just £0.19 trillion or 4.9% of home owner equity, which Savills says is reflective of a market where the average first time buyer deposit stands at £26,150, some 70% higher than the average first time buyer deposit 10 years ago.